Human Health Risk Assessment


Human Health Risk Assessment and Analysis

Human health risk assessment and analysis involves evaluating the effect of toxins, contaminants and other environmental hazards on human health. This requires evaluation of both how humans might be exposed to the hazards (i.e., the environmental pathways through which they are exposed), as well as the health impact once they are exposed.

Predicting the behavior of environmental and biological systems is inherently complex and uncertain, since they involve analyzing systems made up of many component parts that are interrelated, the components interact in complex ways with numerous feedback mechanisms, and in many cases, the systems are poorly characterized or understood. In addition, such systems are often controlled by stochastic variables (i.e., precipitation, temperature) and involve uncertain processes, parameters, and events.

The challenge when evaluating such systems is to find an approach that can incorporate all the knowledge available to engineers and scientists into a quantitative framework that can be used to predict the potential risks associated with a product or project. To be effective, the framework needs to be both flexible (so that it can accurately represent the systems) and transparent (so the models can be easily explained to decision-makers and stakeholders).

Exposure Assessment Model

By combining the flexibility of a general-purpose and highly-graphical probabilistic simulation framework with a specialized module to support mass transport modeling, GoldSim allows you to create realistic models of complex, real-world multi-media environmental systems. Using Monte Carlo simulation, you can explicitly represent the uncertainty inherent is these systems in order to carry out both exposure analysis and risk analysis. GoldSim has the power and flexibility to build ‘total system” models of many kinds of environmental systems, ranging from individuals to populations. In addition, GoldSim supports two-dimensional (nested) Monte Carlo simulation, allowing you to explicitly separate uncertainty and variability in your analyses.

Some human health risk assessment applications with GoldSim utilize the GoldSim CT (Contaminant Transport) Module, which includes specialized and powerful elements for the simulation of mass transport (e.g., of contaminants) within a range of environmental media. Others require only those elements available in the basic GoldSim framework.


Examples of how GoldSim simulation software has been used to address human health risk assessment issues include the following:

Learn More

To learn more, you can:

  • Take the GoldSim Quick Tour to quickly learn about GoldSim's features and capabilities;
  • Compare GoldSim to other simulation approaches;
  • Request a free web demo, in which one of our technical staff shares his/her desktop while answering your questions and demonstrating the application of GoldSim to human health risk assessment; and/or
  • Request a free Evaluation and try GoldSim for yourself.


Making Better Decisions In An Uncertain World