Estimate Future Municipal Water Demand Using Unit Demands and Seasonal Factors
The consumption of water (a.k.a. water demand) is the driving force behind the hydraulic dynamics occuring in many water resources systems. Two basic questions need to be answered when building a water resources model that includes municipal water demand: 1. How much water is being used and 2. How does the usage change as a function of time? Water demands are often quantified using a unit of demand per capita applied to a seasonal factor. In this model, indoor and outdoor water demands are calculated separately using per unit water demands and a seasonal factor that is applied using a lookup table.
External drivers are applied as well. These include the assumed price paid for the water and the forecasted population growth within each municipality.